South Mountain Park

South Mountain Park in Phoenix, Arizona, is the largest municipal park in the United States and one of the largest urban parks in North America and the world. It has been designated as a Phoenix Point of Pride. At more than 16,000 acres, South Mountain Park/Preserve is one of the largest municipally managed parks in the nation and consists of three mountain ranges – the Ma Ha Tauk, Gila, and Guadalupe.


South Mountain Park preserves a mountainous area of 16,283 acres (65.89 km2) or approximately 25.5 sq mi (66 km2) of native desert vegetation in a natural state. Originally called Phoenix Mountain Park, it was formed in 1924 when President Calvin Coolidge sold its initial 13,000 acres (53 km²) to the city of Phoenix for $17,000. It has since been expanded through bond programs from the 1970s into the early 1980s. It is located south of central Phoenix, hence the name. Since the naming, suburban growth has nearly surrounded the park. Ahwatukee now borders to the south and Laveen to the west.

South Mountain was originally known as the Salt River Mountains. The original mountain park committee consisted of J.C. Dobbins, chairman of the Phoenix city planning commission, Mrs. John Hampton, and H.B. Wilkinson. Dobbins Road, named after J.C. Dobbins, runs east and west just north of the park.

The park’s lookout point rises over 1000 feet (305 m) above the desert floor. Beyond the roads leading to ramadas and the summit, the park features 58 miles (93 km) of trails for cycling, hiking, and horseback riding. Much of the original park infrastructure was constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps in the early 1930s. The landmark Mystery Castle is located within its foothills.

There is a variety of flora and fauna within South Mountain Park. One of the most notable flora is the Elephant tree (Bursera microphylla), which exhibits multiple contorted trunk architecture. A1 Bed Bug Exterminator

South Mountain Park is also notable for its chuckwalla population. With an average of 65 chuckwallas per hectare, South Mountain has the highest density of chuckwallas that has ever been reported. Further, male chuckwallas at South Mountain exhibit a “carrot tail” phenotype, which is unique to this population.


Park entrances are open daily, 5 a.m. – 7 p.m., and trails remain open until 11 p.m. The park observes “Silent Sunday” from 5 – 10 a.m. year-round every Sunday. During this time, the main Central Ave. roadway is closed to motorized traffic past the one-mile mark. Every fourth Sunday, this restriction lasts for the park’s operating hours. During Silent Sundays, visitors are welcome to use the roadways for hiking, biking, walking, and other non-motorized activities.

Address: 10919 S Central Ave, Phoenix, AZ

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