South Phoenix is a region of Phoenix, Arizona. By one definition, it encompasses an area south of the Salt River, north of Roeser Road, east of 24th Street, and west of 32nd Street.
The first land purchase recorded in South Phoenix occurred near 15th Avenue and Broadway Road, where Noah Matthew Broadway, Maricopa County Sheriff from 1885 to 1886, purchased land in 1871, which became the 160-acre (0.65 km2) Broadway Ranch. The land was unpopulated at the time except for a few Mexican grain farmers who lived south of the Salt River between 24th St. and 48th St.
In May 1873, Prescott merchant Michael Wormser arranged to supply the Mexican farmers and required them to obtain legal title to their land. When they ended up falling into debt, he took possession of their land, acquiring 9,000 acres (36 km2) of land in South Phoenix and Tempe. After Wormser’s death on April 25, 1898, most of his real estate holdings were purchased on January 9, 1901, by land and cattle magnate Dwight B. Heard, who also ran The Arizona Republican (now The Arizona Republic) newspaper from 1912 until he died in 1929. This land, which includes most of the northeast part of South Phoenix, became the Bartlett-Heard Ranch, which began being subdivided and sold for homesites on March 20, 1910. Most of the land initially sold from the Ranch was between 7th Avenue and 16th Street, and between Broadway Road and Southern Ave., mostly for small farms, in an area that became known as Roosevelt Place when it was developed into residential homes on one-and 2-acre (8,100 m2) lots in the 1920s. A1 Bed Bug Exterminator
There are differing definitions of what constitutes South Phoenix. Phoenix Police Department defines South Phoenix as a police precinct that includes Ahwatukee. Ahwatukee, an urban village in the City of Phoenix, is normally considered part of the East Valley region of the Phoenix metropolitan area. First Things First, a publicly funded organization dedicated to early childhood education, defines South Phoenix as a region that encompasses an area west of 48th Street, east of 27th Avenue, South of the Salt River, and north of South Mountain, omitting Ahwatukee.
Some researchers have noted that racial attitudes in Phoenix, AZ during the 19th century have shaped the development of South Phoenix, with a railroad line in Phoenix being the demarcating boundary between the White part of the city and South Phoenix. A journal article that details a history of environmental racism in Phoenix states that by the 1890s, segregation and unregulated land use in minority districts had already begun shaping environmental and social conditions in the area.
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